Venus

April 28th, 2008 by sabrina

I’m going to Rome in a couple of weeks, and I’m really looking forward to seeing some of the temple ruins. I’ve tracked down the remains of temples of Minerva, Juno, Venus, and (my personal favorite) Vesta, and can’t wait to see them!

Venus is the Roman Goddess of spring, love, and sexual attraction. She seems to have been a minor deity at first, more associated with the fertility of plants and gardens than with people, until she became identified with the Greek Goddess Aphrodite. This gained her considerable worship, since Aphrodite (and therefore Venus) was the mother of Aeneas, the Trojan prince who left after the sack of Troy to found Rome. Julius Caesar named her as his ancestor, and built a temple to Venus Genetrix (the mother).

Epithets for Venus include:
Venus Acidalia (from the well Acidalius in which she used to bathe)
Venus Acraea (from the town Acra in Cyprus)
Venus Aligena (sea-born)
Venus Alitta (a name used by the Arabians)
Venus Amathusia (from the town Amathus in Cyprus)
Venus Amica (the friend)
Venus Anadyomene (emerging from the sea)
Venus Anaitis (a named used by the Armenians)
Venus Androphonos (man killer)
Venus Anosia (cruel)
Venus Apaturia (skilled in the arts of deception)
Venus Aphacite (from the town of Aphaca)
Venus Aphrodita (born from the foam of the sea)
Venus Apostrophia (the preserver)
Venus Appias (from a temple on the Appian Road at Rome)
Venus Architis (spiritual)
Venus Area (armed)
Venus Argynnis (from a temple in honor or Argynnus)
Venus Armata (armed)
Venus Artimpasa (celestial)
Venus Astarte (identifying her with the Goddess Astarte)
Venus Aurea (golden)
Venus Barbata (hairy, because she restored women’s hair after illness)
Venus Basilea (queen)
Venus Basilissa (empress)
Venus Caelestis (celestial)
Venus Calva (bald, from women cutting off their hair to make bowstrings for their husbands)
Venus Candarena (from the town Candara)
Venus Castnia (indecent)
Venus Cloacina (the purifier)
Venus Cnidia (from the town Cnidus)
Venus Colaena (from the town Colae)
Venus Colias (from Mount Colias)
Venus Cypria (from the island of Cyprus)
Venus Cytherea (from the island of Cythera)
Venus Derceto (of prostitutes)
Venus Despoina (queen)
Venus Dexicreontic (from a merchant named Dexicreontus who erected a statue to her)
Venus Dionea (from her possible mother Dione)
Venus Divaricatrix (with spread legs)
Venus Doritide (propitiated by gifts)
Venus Elephantine (from the town Elephantis)
Venus Elicopis (having beautiful eyes)
Venus Epipontia (born from the sea)
Venus Epitragia (seated on a goat)
Venus Erycina (from Mount Eryx in Sicily)
Venus Etaira (mistress)
Venus Euplea (of good navigation)
Venus Exopolis (from her statue being outside the walls of the city)
Venus Felix (favorable)
Venus Fisica (related to nature)
Venus Friga (a name used by Saxons, identifying her with the Goddess Frigg)
Venus Frugi (honest or frugal)
Venus Frutis (forceful)
Venus Golgia (from the town Golgos)
Venus Hippolyteia
Venus Hortensis (worshipped in gardens)
Venus Hospita (a name used by Phoenicians)
Venus Idalia (from the town Idalium)
Venus Iona (for her sacred dove)
Venus Iovia (with the will of Jove)
Venus Junonia (associated with the Goddess Juno)
Venus Kallipygos (with the pretty buttocks)
Venus Libentina (moving beyond childhood)
Venus Libitina (from her presiding over sepulchres)
Venus Limnesia (born from the sea)
Venus Magada (a name used by the Huns and Wends)
Venus Marina (born from the sea)
Venus Martialis (war-like)
Venus Marzana (a name used by the Sarmatians)
Venus Mascula (bold)
Venus Mechanites (contriver)
Venus Mefitis (of foul odors)
Venus Melissa
Venus Mithras (identified with the God Mithras as the morning-star)
Venus Morpho (shapely)
Venus Mucheia (of houses of ill-repute)
Venus Mylitta (a name used by the Assyrians)
Venus Myrtea (the myrtle tree)
Venus Nanea (a named used by the Persians)
Venus Nephthe (associated with the Goddess Nephthys)
Venus Nicophore (bringing victory)
Venus Obsequens (indulgent)
Venus Ontava
Venus Pandemia (of all the people)
Venus Paphia (from the town Paphos)
Venus Pelagia (sea-born)
Venus Peribasia (walking about)
Venus Phila (amiable)
Venus Philommeides (laughter-loving)
Venus Plagiaria (seductive)
Venus Pompeiana (from Pompeii)
Venus Pontogenia (sea-born)
Venus Praxis (from a temple at Megara)
Venus Psithyros (the whisperer)
Venus Pudica (modest)
Venus Pyrenaea (from the Pyrenees)
Venus Pythonica (from a temple built in honor of Pythonice)
Venus Saligenia (sea-born)
Venus Scotia (of darkness)
Venus Speculatrix (the spectator)
Venus Strippasa (a name used by the Scythians)
Venus Symmachia (the auxiliary)
Venus Syntrophus (companion)
Venus Talente (talented)
Venus Tanais (a name used by the Babylonians)
Venus Telessigama (presiding over marriages)
Venus Thalassia (sea-born)
Venus Tritonia (associate with the sea God Triton)
Venus Urania (heavenly)
Venus Verticordia (turning hearts)
Venus Victrix (the victorious)
Venus Vitrix (forming unions)
Venus Zephyria (from the island of Zephyria)
Venus Zerynthia (from the town Zerynthus)

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