April 12th, 2008 by sabrina
is the Roman Goddess of wisdom, war, medicine, and the female arts of spinning and weaving. She is the Roman equivalent of the Greek Goddess Athena
, and as Athena was born from Zeus's forehead, so Minerva was born from the forehead of her father, Jupiter. Jupiter, his wife Juno
, and Minerva form a trinity referred to as the Capitoline triad; a temple on the Capitoline Hill was built to honor them by the last King of Rome, Tarquinius Superbus. Another temple, the Delubrum Minervae, is now the site of the church Santa Maria sopra Minerva (Saint Mary over Minerva).
Minerva is often depicted in armor and holding a spear, as befits a Goddess of war. She also has the ability to throw Jupiter's thunderbolts. Her other attributes are evidenced by her many epithets, although it can be very difficult to determine which epithets were given to Minerva alone, and which were carried over to her from Athena:
Minerva of the Spear
The Strong One
Guardian of the Skillful
The Virgin Spirit
Goddess of a thousand works
(powerful in arms)
(powerful in war)
(the heron that conveys wealth)
(from the head, referring to her birth from Jupiter's forehead)
(protector of olive trees)
(for Catulus, a Roman admiral who dedicated standard to her)
(an Etruscan Goddess absorbed by Minerva)
(nightingale, for inventing the flute)
(contriver or inventress)
(measurer of time)
(bearer of peace)
(with every weapon)
(presiding or protecting)
(of the narrow pass)
(from the Egyptian city of the same name)
(single birth, as daughter of Jupiter alone without a mate)
This entry was posted on Saturday, April 12th, 2008 at 11:00 pm
and is filed under Roman.
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