Sarasvati

January 20th, 2008 by sabrina

Sarasvati is the Hindu Goddess of rivers and knowledge. Her name means “the one who flows”, and she is the consort of Brahma. Sarasvati is usually depicted sitting on a white lotus, symbolizing truth and purity. She has four arms, and she holds in her hands a book (symbolic of written knowledge and her mastery of science and learning), a string of crystals or prayer beads (symbolic of spiritual knowledge), a pot of water (symbolic of creativity and purification), and a musical instrument called a veena (symbolic of knowledge of the fine arts).

Sarasvati rules over a great number of spheres: rivers, fertility, wealth, speech, writing, learning, poetry, music, science, mathematics, calendars, magic, creativity, beauty, and art. As such, she also has a great many alternate names and epithets, including:
Queen of Heaven
Mother of Waters
The Flowing One
Arya (noble one)
Bagiswari
Bakdevi
Bhamayai
Bharatyai (eloquence)
Bhoga-dayai
Biraj
Bramha-gynanaika-sadhanayai
Bramha-jayayai
Bramha-vishu-sivatmi-kayai
Bramhyai (wife of Brahma)
Chamundayai
Chandi-kayai
Chandra-lekha-vibhu-shitayai
Chandri-kayai
Chaturana-nasamrajyai
Chaturvarga-phala-pradayai
Chitra-gamdhayai
Chitra-malya-vibhushitayai
Chitrambarayai
Devyai
Dhaneshvari
(the divinity of wealth)
Dhumra-lochana-mardhinyai
Divya-lankara-bhushitayai
Divyamgayai
Dvibhu-jaayai

Gomatyai
Govimdayai
Gynanaika-tatparayai
Gynana-mudrayai
Hamsa-sanayai
Hamsa-vahini
(she who has a swan as her vehicle)
Jati-layai
Jihvagravasini
(dwelling in the front of the tongue)
Jnanashakti (the power of knowledge)
Kala-dharayai
Kala-ratryai
Kalpanashakti
(the power of forming ideas)
Kamadhenu (like the wish-fulfilling cow)
Kama-pradayai
Kama-rupayai
Kantayai
Kavijihvagravasini
(she who dwells on the tongues of poets)
Maha-bagayai
Maha-bhadrayai
Maha-bhogayai

Maha-bhujayai
Mahakalyai
Maha-karayai
Maha-mayayai
Mahamkushayai
Maha-pashayai
Maha-pataka-nashinyai
Maha-phalayai
Maha-saraswatyai
Maha-shrayayai

Mahasweta
Maha-vani
(the transcendent word)
Maha-vidyayai (holder of supreme knowledge)
Maho-tsahayai
Malinyai
Mantra-vidyayai
Munda-kambi-katai
Neela-jamghayai
Niranja-nayai
Padmakshmai
Padma-lochanayai
Padma-nilayayai
Padma-vaktri-kayai
Praharanayai
Prithudar
Pustaka-stayai
Rakta-beejani-hantrai
Rakta-madhyayai
Ramayai
Rupa-soubhagya-daeinyai

Saktirupini (whose form is power)
Sarada (giver of essence)
Sarbasukai
Sarswatyai
Sarva-devastu-tayai
Sarvatmi-kayai
Satarupa
Savitryai
Seetayai
Shastra-rupinyai

Shivanu-jayai
Shonapunya
(one purified of blood)
Shubha-dayai
Shumbha-sura-pramadhinyai
Shweta-sanayai
Smirtishakti
(the power of memory)
Soudaminyai
Soumyayai
Sree pradayai
Subha-drayai

Sudha-murtayai
Sura-puji-tayai
Surasayai
Sura-sura-namaskrutayai
Sura-vandi-tayai
Suvaa-sinyai
Suveenayai
Teevrayai
Traeimurtyai
Vagdevyai
Vagishvari
(mistress of speech)
Vaishnavyai
Vani Dayyani
(recipient of speech)
Varahyai
Vara-pradayai
Vara-rohayai
Varijaa-sanayai
Varnajanani
(mother of letters)
Varnesvari (Goddess of letters)
Vasudayai
Veena Vandini (veena player)
Vidya-rupayai
Vidyayai
Vidyunma-layai
Vimalayai
Vinapani
(due to holding the Vina)
Vindhya-vasayai
Vindyayai
Vini-drayai
(she who is always awake)
Vishalayai
Vishvayai

This entry was posted on Sunday, January 20th, 2008 at 8:42 pm and is filed under Hindu. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

1 response about “Sarasvati”

  1. Asterope said:

    I got these epithets from the book, “Hindu Goddesses: Visions of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Tradition” by David R. Kinsley —

    Smrtisakti- the power of memory
    Jnanasaki- the power of knowledge
    buddhisaktisvarupini – whose form is the power of intellect
    Kalpanasakti – who is the power of forming ideas
    Pratibha – intelligence
    Vedagarbha – the womb/source of the vedas/knowledge
    sarvaviduasvarupini – whose form is all the sciences
    sarvasastravasini – who dwells in all books
    granthakarini – who causes books to be make
    Jaganmata – mother of the world
    saktirupini – whose form is power
    visvarupa – containing all forms within her