Aphrodite

April 15th, 2008 by sabrina

Aphrodite (pronounced af-row-DIE-tee) is the Greek Goddess of sexual passion. She is often referred to as the Goddess of love, but it is not truly love that Aphrodite inspires. She is accompanied by her two sons, Eros (Love) and Himeros (Desire), as well as by the three Graces or Kharites and the Horai, Goddesses of the seasons. It was the Horai that first found Aphrodite, who was born from the sea foam which formed around the genitals of Ouranos, husband of Gaia, after he had been castrated by their son Kronos. Aphrodite is described as being the most beautiful of the Greek Goddesses, and rules over grace and beauty. In all, her realms include sex, desire, flirting, consummation of marriage, procreation, prostitution, impotence, merriment, love songs, peace, and the planet Venus.

Aphrodite had many lovers, both Gods and mortals, and many children. Her first love was the war God, Ares, but she ended up married to the deformed smith God, Hephaistos. Hephaistos was the son of Zeus and Hera, and Hera had cast him out of Mount Olympus, ashamed to have a deformed son. Hephaistos was raised to be a great smith, and he sent a golden throne to Hera, which bound her to it when she sat down. Zeus offered the hand of Aphrodite to whichever God could free Hera from the throne, and Aphrodite agreed, thinking that Ares would be strong enough. However, only Hephaistos could free Hera, and he married Aphrodite. She kept up an affair with Ares until they were caught by Hephaistos, who then divorced her. From then on, Aphrodite was known as the consort of Ares—love and war, always together.

In one myth, Zeus uses Aphrodite’s own powers against her. Zeus had the ability to use any other God’s powers for himself, and he was angry with Aphrodite for always causing him to feel passion for mortals. He made Aphrodite lust after a mortal man, Ankhises, and with him she had a son, Aeneas, who fought in the Trojan War and then went on to found Rome. Her other children include Deimos (God of fear, with Ares), Phobos (God of panic, with Ares), Hermaphroditos (God of hermaphrodites, with Hermes), and Priapos (God of garden fertility, with Dionysos).

Aphrodite’s titles and epithets reflect her varied roles, and include:
Aphrodite Akidailia (from the well Acidalius where she used to bathe)
Aphrodite Akraia (of the heights)
Aphrodite Aligena (sea born)
Aphrodite Alitta (an Arab name)
Aphrodite Amathusia (from the town of Amathus)
Aphrodite Ambologera (delaying old age)
Aphrodite Amyklaios (from the town of Amyklai)
Aphrodite Anadyomene (rising out of the sea)
Aphrodite Androphonos (man killer)
Aphrodite Anosia (unholy)
Aphrodite Antheia (friend of flowers)
Aphrodite Apatouros (deceitful)
Aphrodite Aphakitis (from the town of Aphace)
Aphrodite Apotrophia (the expeller)
Aphrodite Arakynthias (from mount Aracynthus)
Aphrodite Areia (warlike)
Aphrodite Argennis (from Argennus, in whose honor Agamemnon built a temple)
Aphrodite Asteria (starry)
Aphrodite Basilis (the queen)
Aphrodite Berbeia
Aphrodite Despoena (ruling)
Aphrodite Dia (divine, shining)
Aphrodite Dionaea (daughter of Dione, according to some myths)
Aphrodite Dios Thugater (daughter of Zeus, according to some myths)
Aphrodite Doritis (bountiful)
Aphrodite Eleemon (merciful)
Aphrodite Enoplios (the armed one)
Aphrodite Epipontia (on the sea)
Aphrodite Epistrophia (she who turns)
Aphrodite Epitragidia (she upon the buck)
Aphrodite Epitymbidia (she upon the tombs)
Aphrodite Eryxina (from mount Eryx)
Aphrodite Euploia (fair voyage)
Aphrodite Eustephanos (well-girdled)
Aphrodite Gamelii (presiding over marriage)
Aphrodite Genetyllis (protectress of births)
Aphrodite Haligenes (born in the sea)
Aphrodite Hekaerge (hitting at a distance)
Aphrodite Helikoblepharos (quick-glancing)
Aphrodite Hera (of Hera)
Aphrodite Heteira (the courtesan)
Aphrodite Hoplismena (armed)
Aphrodite Idalia (from the town of Idalion)
Aphrodite Kalligloutos (of the beautiful thighs)
Aphrodite Kallipygos (she of the beautiful buttocks)
Aphrodite Kallistephanos (sweet-garlanded)
Aphrodite Kallisti (the fairest)
Aphrodite Kastinia (of mount Kastion)
Aphrodite Kataskopia (spying)
Aphrodite Kepois (of the gardens)
Aphrodite Khrysea (golden)
Aphrodite Knidia (from the town of Cnidus)
Aphrodite Kolias (from mount Colias)
Aphrodite Komaetho (fiery-haired)
Aphrodite Kypria (from the island of Cyprus)
Aphrodite Kyprigeneia (born on the island of Cyprus)
Aphrodite Kypris (bringing pregnancy)
Aphrodite Kytherea (from the island of Cythera, where she first landed)
Aphrodite Kythereia (with hidden love)
Aphrodite Limenia (protectress of the harbor)
Aphrodite Mekhanitis (skilled in inventing)
Aphrodite Melaenis (dark or black)
Aphrodite Melinaea (from the town Meline)
Aphrodite Migontis (union)
Aphrodite Morpho (fair-shaped)
Aphrodite Nikephoros (bringing victory)
Aphrodite Nomius (of the flocks)
Aphrodite Nymphia (bridal)
Aphrodite Ourania (heavenly)
Aphrodite Pandemos (common to all the people)
Aphrodite Paphia (from her temple at Paphos)
Aphrodite Pasiphaessa (the far shining)
Aphrodite Peitho (persuasion)
Aphrodite Pelagia (protectress of sailors)
Aphrodite Philommedes (genital-loving)
Aphrodite Philommeides (laughter-loving)
Aphrodite Philopannyx (night-loving)
Aphrodite Pontia (of the sea)
Aphrodite Pornos (the prostitute)
Aphrodite Pothon Mater (mother of desire)
Aphrodite Praxis (active)
Aphrodite Psithyristes (whispering)
Aphrodite Pyrenaea (of the Pyrenes)
Aphrodite Skotia (the dark)
Aphrodite Symmakhia (ally)
Aphrodite Syria Dea (the Syrian Goddess)
Aphrodite Tymborykhos (grave digger)
Aphrodite Xenia (of the foreigner)
Aphrodite Zephyritis (from Zephyrium)
Aphrodite Zerynthia (from the town Zerinthus)

This entry was posted on Tuesday, April 15th, 2008 at 11:56 pm and is filed under Greek. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

4 responses about “Aphrodite”

  1. Jose Luiz said:

    Hi Sabrina! I wanna thank you by your excellent website which helped me in my one, about orchids,in the article “Doritis pulcherrima Lindley”, explaining the origin of its greek name I linked yours about Aphrodite, helping to those one interested in knowing more about that mitology. So if you wanna know mine click at http://www.orquidariocuiaba.com.br/?p=72 THANK YOU! SUCCESS!!!

  2. sabrina said:

    Olá Jose! Eu estou contente mim poderia ajudar. Eu amo orquídeas, mas eu sou somente familiar com as espécies que são comuns às lojas norte-americanas, como Oncidium, Cattleya, Dendrobium, e Paphs. Eu espero que esta tradução faz o sentido. Melhor da sorte com seu local!

  3. Jose Luiz said:

    Really nice reading your reply written in Portuguese! Congratulations, it makes sense! Thank you! Probably I will be researching in your website when needing more informations about Greek mitology to my explanations of orchid names!

  4. Linux spiele said:

    Great post, adding it to my bookmarks!